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What Are Hard Skills? Definition & Examples for Every Resume

What Are Hard Skills? Definition & Examples for Every Resume

Not sure what “hard” skills are? You better find out! (And learn how to use them on a resume to score interviews.) Good news? You’ve come to the right place.

As seen in:

What makes you good at your job?

 

Recruiters will assume it’s years of professional experience, a solid diploma, and a well-established certificate.

 

But these all represent something much more important:

 

Your skills. The ones that get the job done—

 

This guide will show you:

  • How to list hard skills to make up for what you lack in experience.
  • What hard skills are in demand in 2022.
  • Why these skills beat any other selling point.

 

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Sample resume made with our builder—See more resume examples here.

 

What Are Hard Skills? 

 

It’s not about how difficult they are, it’s all about how process-oriented such abilities might be.

 

Hard Skills Definition:

 

Hard skills are abilities that let you tackle job-specific duties and responsibilities. Hard skills can be learned through courses, vocational training, and on the job. These skills are usually focused on specific tasks and processes such as the use of tools, equipment, or software.

 

In contrast, soft skills are your traits and abilities not unique to any job—think collaboration, time management, empathy, or leadership.

 

Which kind of skill set is more important? A LinkedIn study suggests that a slight majority (57% vs 43%) of employers value soft skills over hard skills.

 

But is this really an either/or situation?

 

Not really. The best way to think about it that hard skills get interviews, soft skills get jobs.

(Not to mention the thin line between definitions—how soft a skill is time management?)

 

If the hard-vs-soft-skills contrast isn’t quite clear to you, see our guide: The Difference Between Hard and Soft Skills Explained

 

Hard Skills Examples List

 

  1. Technical skills
  2. Computer skills
  3. Microsoft Office skills
  4. Analytical skills
  5. Marketing skills
  6. Presentation skills
  7. Management skills
  8. Project management skills
  9. Writing skills
  10. Language skills
  11. Design skills
  12. Certifications

 

(And here's a few tips regarding Top Skills Employers Look for in 2022)

 

How to List Hard Skills on a Resume

 

Below, you’ll see more specific examples of hard skills in each category. Before we get to that, though, two crucial things:

 

How to put them on a resume?

 

  • Don’t just copy-and-paste the skills you think you have.
  • Go through the job description and identify skills-related keywords.
  • Create a list based on what you find. 
  • Highlight these strengths on your resume.

 

Where to list them?

 

 

For more strategies of highlighting your job skills, see: Crucial Skills to Put on Your Resume 2022

 

Top 10 Hard Skills for a Resume: List of Examples

 

1. Technical Skills

 

Technical skills include specialized knowledge and expertise in fields such as IT, engineering, or science. Typical technical skills are abilities to use specialized software or equipment.

 

Here are some examples of technical hard skills:

  • CAD
  • Lean manufacturing
  • Multivariate analysis
  • Linear regression
  • Prototyping
  • Workflow development
  • STEM skills
  • Web: HTML, CSS, Javascript
  • Payment processing 
  • Automated Billing Systems
  • CRM Platforms
  • Research
  • Troubleshooting

 

Now, here’s a few samples extracted from resumes:

 

  • Created MS Excel pivot tables to identify 500+ new high-traffic, low-competition keywords that pushed us to $250,000+ more annual revenue.
  • Applied Lean manufacturing principles to redesign Kanban system. Decreased inventory costs 32%.
  • Efficient Mechanical Engineer with 3+ years’ combined experience as a Design Engineer. Can perform static, fatigue, and fracture analyzes for F-35 structural components of main landing gear.

 

For a dedicated guide to putting technical hard skills on a resume, see: The Best Technical Skills for Resumes

 

2. Computer Skills

 

Computer skills are your abilities to use software and hardware: from basic and general, to highly specialized.

 

On today’s job market, computer skills are a must in any industry. Be sure to include list them on your resume especially if you’re applying for office jobs and if the job ad requires specifics.

 

Here’s a list of some basic computer skills:

  • MS Office:
    • Word
    • Excel
    • Outlook
    • Powerpoint
    • OneNote
    • Access
  • Google Drive
  • Spreadsheets
  • Email
  • Presentations/Slideshows
  • Database Management
  • Quickbooks
  • Social media
  • Web
  • Typing
  • Graphics
  • Enterprise systems
  • WPM

 

And here you’ll see some typical programming skills:

  • Java
  • PHP
  • MySQL
  • SQL
  • C#
  • JavaScript
  • C++
  • Python
  • iOS/Swift
  • Ruby on Rails

 

This is how you can make them work on your resume:

 

  • Composed an app to allow voice control of lights, garage door, and home thermostat, using an Amazon Echo and Raspberry Pi.
  • Wrote Excel formulas to add conditional formatting to a budgeting spreadsheet.
  • Automated reports with Oracle Netsuite to cut reporting costs by 25%.

 

Need more information? Here’s a must-read for you: Key Computer Skills to Put on a Resume in 2022

 

If you want to laser-in on MS Office skills, see: Microsoft Office Suite Skills for the Workforce

 

3. Analytical Skills

 

Analytical skills are the skills of gathering data, analyzing it, deciphering the meaning, and presenting it. 

 

No matter what job you’re pursuing, if you’re able to show that you’re good with data analysis, the recruiter will score you some bonus points.

 

Here are some analytical skills to put on a resume:

 

  • Research
  • Forecasting
  • Data mining
  • Data presentation
  • Resource management
  • Data engineering
  • Database management
  • Data and metrics interpreting
  • Reporting
  • Diagnostics
  • Creativity
  • Theorizing

 

Analytical skills proven on your resume:

 

  • Utilized Microsoft SPSS statistical software to track and analyze data. Created machine learning tools that computed adjusted P/E values.
  • Used MS Access to identify and improve low-performing portfolios. Increased average client revenue by 19%.

 

Learn more: Analytical Skills/Data Analysis Skills to Boost Your Resume

 

4. Marketing Skills

 

Marketing skills include the general knowledge of sales, advertising, and consumer research, as well as a plethora of highly technical, digital skills required for success in modern-day online marketing.

 

Marketing hard skills are of greatest value to candidates in media, advertising, social media, e-commerce, and product management.

 

Some examples include:

  • SEO/SEM: Ahrefs, SEMRush, SEO Power Suite, Majestic
  • PPC
  • Social media marketing and paid social media advertising
  • Writing
  • CRO and A/B testing
  • Email marketing and automation
  • HubSpot, Aritic PinPoint, ONTRAPORT, Infusionsoft
  • Funnel management
  • UX Design
  • Data visualization
  • Google Analytics and Google Search Console
  • AdWords, Facebook Paid Ads

 

The list could go on, and on, and on. But what marketing skills are most relevant today?

According to The Pipeline, those are the top marketing skills for your resume:

  • Data Analysis
  • Writing and content creation
  • SEO/SEM
  • Social media
  • Technology proficiency

 

Not sure how to make your resume show your marketing expertise? Get inspired by these samples of hard marketing skills on resumes:

 

Marketing ability highlights:

 

  • Introduced an incentive-driven A/B testing competition among team members which resulted in increasing landing page conversions by 114% in 4 months.
  • Adept at Using HubSpot, Kissmetrics, and Google Analytics.
  • Created 20+ SEO campaigns for websites with complex media and big structures.

 

Hungry for more? Check this out: Top-Level Marketing Skills for Your Resume & How to List Them

 

5. Presentation Skills

 

Wait, what? Aren’t presentation skills a soft skill?

 

Not exactly. Sure, you need certain soft, transferable skills to deliver a good presentation: confidence, adaptability, self-awareness, or stress management. But—

 

To facilitate your presentation or report, you’ll need at least a few of these hard skills:

  • Visual communication
  • Slideshows
  • Research
  • Data analysis
  • Reporting
  • Persuasion
  • Graphic design

 

And here’s how to prove you’re a savvy presenter on a resume:

 

  • Created 150+ business reports and newsletters, using data visualization to facilitate the message.
  • Assisted the CEO with creating slideshows in Powerpoint, Prezi, and Movavi.

 

See more: How to List Presentation Skills on Resumes

 

6. Management Skills

 

Again, you might feel like people skills are in the core of good management and leadership. Again…

 

That’s just half-right.

 

To be a good manager, you also need some job-specific skills such as these:

  • Business knowledge
  • Budgeting
  • Project management
  • Hiring
  • Finance
  • Office management skills
  • Logistics
  • New business development
  • Negotiating
  • Planning

 

And here’s how to convey your management expertise on an exec resume:

 

  • Implemented team-wide use of Google Docs, Slack, and Trello to slash project time-to-delivery 35%.
  • Redesigned budgeting methods to increase project delivery rate by 20%.

 

For more examples and step-by-step tutorials see: Managerial Skills List (Not Only For Managers!)

 

When making a resume in our builder, drag & drop bullet points, skills, and auto-fill the boring stuff. Spell check? Check. Start building a professional resume template here for free.

When you’re done, Zety’s resume builder will score your resume and tell you exactly how to make it better.

7. Project Management Skills

 

In short, project management skills guarantee that things get done.

 

More than that, actually: done in time and within budget. If you’re skilled in project management, it will be a plus for any sort of job where you need to coordinate processes or people’s work.

 

Project management skills include general managerial expertise as well as proficiency in certain frameworks and software. Here are some examples of PM hard skills:

  • Project scheduling
  • Strategic planning
  • Project lifecycle management
  • Agile software
  • Scrum management
  • Financial modeling
  • Kanban
  • Forecasting
  • Performance tracking
  • Budgeting

 

And these samples will show you how to present your PM expertise on a resume:

 

  • Highly skilled in Agile software: employed Jira and Taiga to improve team velocity 35%.
  • Budgeting: saved $800,000 through a company-wide automation drive.
  • Implemented Lean Training project for all employees.

 

For more tips on showcasing your PM hard skills, head over to Project Management Skills Crucial for Your Career (And Resume!)

 

8. Writing Skills

 

A solid grasp of writing techniques will give your career a boost if your job requires any sort of writing (think typing up quarterly reports, onboarding documents, presentations for clients, sales pitches, etc.).

 

Check out these examples:

  • Basic writing: grammar, punctuation, spelling, vocabulary
  • Note-taking
  • Letter writing
  • Email writing
  • Business writing reports, press releases, content management
  • Data visualization
  • Creative writing: plotting, worldbuilding, dialogue
  • Academic writing
  • Storytelling
  • Copywriting
  • SEO
  • Editing
  • Journalism
  • Proposal writing
  • Social media
  • Presentation writing

 

Now, an ultimate writing assignment… Conveying your writing skills on a resume. This is how to do it:

 

  • Content writing: produced up to 4 1000+ words long articles weekly.
  • Authored a 90-page user guide for a cloud-based webinar app.
  • Wrote 3 successful grant applications that received $160,000 in funding.

 

We’ve written a super detailed piece on writing skills, give it a read: 150+ Writing Skills for Jobs & How to Boost Them

 

9. Language Skills

 

Another somewhat obvious point on our list. But that doesn’t make it less important.

 

Knowing more than one language will set you apart from your competition for any job in a company that deals with international customers or stakeholders.

 

First of all, create a section for languages. List all foreign languages you know and indicate your proficiency level.

 

But you can also emphasize your multilingual skills in other parts.

 

  • Offered meticulous customer support for clients in 3 languages: English, Spanish, French.

 

Need more information? See: How to Show Off Your Language Skills on a Resume

 

10. Design Skills

 

If you’re a skilled illustrator, modern employers will fight one another for who gets to hire you. No, not only if your niche is graphic design. The ability to create polished visual materials is a great asset in all work environments.

 

Here are some graphic design skills examples.

  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • InDesign
  • UX/UI design
  • UX research
  • Data visualization
  • Color theory
  • Acrobat
  • HTML/CSS
  • Free Hand
  • Corel Draw
  • Sketching
  • Typography
  • Print design
  • Layout

 

Now, here’s a few samples from other resume sections:

 

  • Authored superior graphic design, print production, ads, marketing collateral, viewbooks, and logo design.
  • Designed logo for Nabor Gro groceries and liquor, Arondale, Connecticut.

 

Need more inspiration to highlight your creative powers? While we don’t have a dedicated piece on design skills, I’m sure you’ll find this one useful: How to Write a Head-Turning Graphic Design Resume

 

Certifications: The Best Way to Validate Your Hard Skills

 

If you have certifications that back up your skills, list them in a separate resume section. Include the name of the certificate and the year you received it.

 

Learn more: How to Include Certifications on Resumes

 

Plus, a great cover letter that matches your resume will give you an advantage over other candidates. You can write it in our cover letter builder here. Here's what it may look like:

 

matching set of resume and cover letter

See more cover letter templates and start writing.

Key Takeaway

 

Here’s everything you need to know about putting hard skills on a resume:

  • Hard skills are the job-specific skills that make you well suited for a particular role.
  • Always match your hard skills to those from the job ad.
  • Use skills-related keywords in the work experience section, along with real-life evidence of how you used those skills to achieve spectacular results.
  • Don’t forget to list the most important abilities in a separate skills section.
  • Mention 2–3 most relevant skills in your resume profile.
  • Validate your skills by listing professional certifications.

 

Got more questions? Need assistance in picking the right hard skills for your resume? Drop me a line in the comments, I’ll get right back to you.

 

Frequently Asked Questions about Hard Skills

What are hard skills?

Hard skills are professional abilities that you must have to perform your job duties, and they refer to specialist knowledge you can learn through education, development courses, or training. Mastery of hard skills can be evaluated using knowledge tests or professional exams.

 

Hard skills differ from job to job. This means that a resume for a professional chef needs a different set of hard skills than a software engineer’s resume. For a chef, hard skills examples are food preparation, sanitation and hygiene, combining flavors, planning menus, and managing kitchen staff. For a software engineer, examples of hard skills are programming languages, software testing, full-stack development, and so on.

 

What is the difference between hard skills vs. soft skills?

Hard skills refer to the essential knowledge that you need for your profession. Meanwhile, soft skills are personal qualities that influence your approach to problems, creativity, and ability to work with others. They’re sometimes called people skills. While you can learn hard skills at school, during courses, or with training, you can develop soft skills through analysis of your own behavior and with the help of professional coaches.

 

Some argue which are more important in discussing hard skills vs. soft skills. But the truth is, a good employee needs both. Why? Because professionals without soft skills can be very difficult to work with. 

 

What are the hard skills for a resume?

Hard skills on a resume are an essential part of the skill section. They can also be mentioned in other parts of the resume, such as a resume profile or the work experience section.

 

These job-specific abilities must be consistent with the job requirements. For example, if the job advertisement for a teacher says: “Essential duties include lesson planning for K-12 STEM curriculum, performing student evaluation using appropriate assessment techniques, and accurate maintenance of all required records,” then the hard skills on a resume for a teacher are lesson planning, knowledge of K-12 STEM curriculum, student evaluation, and keeping administrative records.

 

It’s recommended to select around 5–7 hard skills to put on a resume and to balance them out with 2–3 soft skills relevant to the job.

 

Why are hard skills important?

Hard skills are an important part of any job. They refer to the knowledge and abilities essential for the profession, such as having a driver’s license and understanding road rules for a truck driver. Without those hard skills, employees won’t be able to perform their work duties effectively.

 

As these skills are essential for work, it’s worth brushing up on your knowledge and abilities from time to time. Even if you’re an expert in your field, new developments might bring methods and solutions that can make your job easier, especially if your job needs computer skills or technical abilities.

 

What are the top 20 hard skills examples for 2022?

While hard skills vary between professions, some of these abilities are transferable. Learning them can be a good step to improving your career.

 

These are the top 20 hard skills for a resume in 2022:

1. Machine learning

2. Statistical modeling

3. Software testing

4. Analytical skills

5. Product management

6. Management skills

7. Accounting

8. Digital security

9. Search Engine Optimization

10. UX design

11. Graphic design

12. Marketing skills, including social media marketing

13. Account management

14. Project management skills

15. Programming languages

16. Cloud computing

17. Video editing

18. Teaching and knowledge management

19. Creative writing skills

20. Foreign language skills

 

 

Some of these skills may sound intimidating, but you can learn many of them via online courses or video tutorials. Think which of these skills can be smoothly combined with your profession. For example, if you are a photographer, you could spend a few hours of your free time learning about social media marketing to improve your Facebook and Instagram pages.

 

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Michael Tomaszewski, CPRW
Michael is a career writer, Certified Professional Resume Writer, and the newsletter coordinator at Zety. Apart from sharing his own resume-writing expertise, Michael reaches out to recruitment and hiring gurus to help you learn the most effective strategies for managing your career.
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