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What is a CV? The Difference Between CV and Resume Meaning

What is a CV? The Difference Between CV and Resume Meaning

A fan of puzzles? Then tell me this, “What is a CV?” Oh, don’t beat yourself up. Nobody can give the correct answer before reading this article. So go ahead, and find your answer!

Every square is a rectangle, but not every rectangle is a square.


That’s easy. Yeah.


What about this: every resume is a CV, but not every CV is a resume? 


Now, that’s a real puzzle!


You’ll be able to figure it out without looking at your math notebooks, though. Thankfully, there’s a guide like this one that responds to that question straight away. 


This guide will tell you:


  • What a CV in Canada is and how it’s different from a Canadian resume
  • When to apply for a job with a CV and what to include to nail it.
  • The things you should know when writing a CV or resume template to start a career in other countries.


Want to save time and have your CV ready in 5 minutes? Try our CV maker. It’s fast and easy to use. Plus, you’ll get ready-made content to add with one click. See 20+ CV templates and create your resume here.


Create your CV now


sample cv example
sample cv example

Sample CV made in our builder—See more templates and create your CV here.


What is a CV in Canada: Template


Betty Hagler, DMP

Marketing Manager





Energetic and result-driven marketing specialist with 5 years of experience in a managerial role. Won the Sustainable Product of the Year Award, increased organic traffic by 40% in a year and led a team of 4 marketing professionals. Revisited a 360 strategy to boost sales by 23%. Seeking to leverage strategic planning and analytical skills to drive revenue at La Marketana.




Marketing Specialist

happyagency, Prince George, BC

January 2017–Present

  • Led a team of 4 high-performing marketing professionals.
  • Built a 360 strategy across all platforms to see a sales boost of 23% within a year.
  • Introduced tweaks to client’s onsite and offsite SEO strategy, increasing traffic by 40% in 2020.
  • Liaised with PR managers to ensure consistent messaging to the public about products and services. 
  • Oversaw a $4M marketing budget for several clients simultaneously. Managed to reach annual targets without overspending for each.

Key Achievement: Launched a campaign for unisex athleisure and won the Sustainable Product of the Year Award.


Marketing Specialist

Marketingo, Nanaimo, BC

December 2015–November 2017

  • Collaborated with sales to develop and launch effective promo campaigns.
  • Regularly analyzed market trends and conducted consumer research to see a spike in engagement on social media accounts by 26% after insight implementation.
  • Supervised digital media content creation (video, newsroom, social media, etc.) for a multi-million advertising contract.




Bachelor of Business Administration

Vancouver Island University, Nanaimo, BC


  • Major in Marketing 
  • Excelled in Strategic Marketing and Management and Negotiations
  • GPA 3.9




  • JIRA, Trello, Asana, Slack, HubSpot, 
  • Google Ads, GSC, Google Analytics
  • Strategic planning
  • Market research
  • Communications
  • Social media marketing
  • Branding
  • Trend analysis
  • Project management
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Organizational skills
  • Negotiation and persuasion skills
  • Leadership skills


Certifications & Licenses


  • Digital Marketing Pro (DMI x AMA Dual Certification), DMI—2021
  • Digital Analytics, CMA—2020
  • HubSpot Content Marketing Certification—2020


Additional Activities


  • Building the community centre’s image through online and offline marketing activities. Since June 2019, the number of active volunteers has risen by 130%.


Without further ado—


What is a CV?


A CV (Curriculum Vitae) is a detailed and thorough description of your professional and academic history, including publications, grants, awards and honours, conferences, research projects, and whatnot. It’s usually two to ten pages long.


In contrast, a resume is a short, one- or two-page summary of your relevant experience, qualifications and skills, tailored to the job description.


The meaning of a CV and resume in Canada is exactly the same, though. Both resume and CV are short documents with only a gist of your professional career. Employers use the terms interchangeably most often




Life’s boring without exceptions to the rules, so here comes another:


You should apply with an in-depth CV for academic jobs, grants, or to join fellowships in Canada. In 99.99% of cases, it’ll be explicit in the ad, but you never know with that .01%, so stay on the safe side and type the pages away.


To sum up what we’ve learnt so far: 


In the context of applying for a job, a CV is the same as a resume in Canada. However, an academic CV is a different, more detailed document. 

Pro Tip: In the UK, Ireland, and New Zealand, a CV is the same short application as a resume that doesn’t get into details. So, if you want to apply for a job there, make sure you know which type of application you need to submit and don’t write an essay any recruiter would feel like reading.

When making a CV in our builder, drag & drop bullet points, skills, and auto-fill the boring stuff. Spell check? Check. Start building a professional CV template here for free.


When you’re done, Zety’s CV maker will score your CV and tell you exactly how to make it better.

Difference Between CV and Resume


The fog’s almost gone, but additional vitamin D is always a good idea.


Blow away any confusion left about a CV for all jobs and academia in particular. Have a look at the below table:


Resume vs. CV in Canada


CV for any job (resume)

CV for academia



A brief of relevant highlights of your career and education

An in-depth description of your entire academic and professional career

For all kinds of jobs

For academic or medical jobs, scientific research, grant applications, fellowships

1. Contact information

2. Personal statement

3. Experience

4. Education

5. Skills

6. Languages (Optional)

7. Certificates & Licenses (Optional)

8. Volunteering (Optional)

9. Awards (Optional)

10. Hobbies & Interests (Optional)

1. Contact information

2. Academic history

3. Professional experience

4. Research experience/Fieldwork

5. Teaching experience

6. Publications

7. Awards and Honours

8. Grants/Funding

9. Fellowships and Professional Affiliations

10. Conferences

11. Extracurricular activities

12. Languages

13. References

Tailored to every single job application

Updated with new information only

1 page

No length limit, although usually, it’s 2-10 pages long

Equivalent: American, Australian, New Zealand, and South African resume, plus European CV for all types of jobs

Equivalent: American CV for academia and research




Can you feel the sun rays on your skin now?


A great cover letter that matches your CV will give you an advantage over other candidates. You can write it in our cover letter builder here. Here's what it may look like:


See more cover letter templates and start writing.

Key Takeaway


That’s what you’ve learned today:


  • A CV in Canada means the same as a resume, apart from when applying for academic and research jobs or fellowships.
  • A CV for academia thoroughly describes your professional and academic history and can be up to ten pages long. An American CV is its equivalent.
  • A CV with the resume’s layout and format applies to any other job. It’s one page, has only several sections, and sums up your qualifications and qualities. Other examples of such documents are American and Australian resumes, as well as a European CV.


So now you know.


Please tell us—


Do you have questions about the difference between CV and resume? What do you consider the most difficult confusing between resume and CV? Would you take the chance to apply internationally with a CV?


Give us a shout in the comments! Let’s get the conversation rolling.

Rate my article: what is a cv
Average: 4.91 (11 votes)
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Katarzyna Furman
Katarzyna is an empathetic career expert dedicated to encouraging growth in job hunters through building perfect resumes, CVs, and cover letters. At Zety, she gives her Certified Professional Resume Writer advice to make you realize you have a successful track record that only needs to see the daylight.

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